Station Area Development


The nature of European rail is changing. In the past we have seen decades of decline in viability of railway companies, investments in railways, and numbers of train passengers, we are now facing a revival of the European railways in a new form. Many factors contribute to this development: congestion, environmental policies, high fuel prices, and evolving technologies, including high-speed rail.

This revival will have many different effects, many of which are spatial in nature. This is most clearly visible in locations that are best accessible by these new railways: station areas. This research project focussed on the areas around high-speed train stations and the ways in which these areas attract business. In this research project the attractiveness of high-speed train station areas, HST locations, for offices and for retail has been investigated. HST locations are defined as the first 500 metres around stations where high-speed trains stop.

Thereby factors composing the attractiveness of HST locations have been distinguished, and discussed. A list of criteria for successful HST locations should allow future development of HST locations to be even more successful. Stations alone attract no businesses, and this research project includes not only accessibility related elements, but also spatial elements, as well as non-spatial elements, composing the attractiveness of the HST locations.

To get to these conclusions 8 cases in 5 countries in North-West Europe have been investigated. These stations are: Lille Europe, Frankfurt Hbf, Aachen Hbf, Brussels Zuid/Midi, Amsterdam Zuid, Arnhem Centraal. London St. Pancras, and Ashford International.

This research project was done as an assignment by SEEDA and BUREAU BUITEN, within the scope of the projects HST4i and HSTConnect. These projects aim to maximize the positive effects of the ever expanding European HST network.

Publications in English:

  1. -Mig de Jong (2009). Lille Europe; a success story? Paper presented on the international International Symposium “Railways, Real Estate & the Re-Making of Cities in the 21st Century - Rail Station Area Redevelopment Mega-Projects in Europe & Beyond” in Berlin, 16-17 October 2009.

  2. -Jong, M. de (2009). European High-Speed Train Station Areas: The Renaissance of the Railway Station. Paper presented at European Transport Conference, Noordwijkerhout. 5-7 October, 2009.

  3. -Jong, M. de (2007). Attractiveness of HST locations. Thesis (MSc) Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Publications in Dutch:

  1. -Baggen, J.H. & Jong, M de (2010). Station Amsterdam Hispeed: Amsterdam Zuid of Amsterdam Centraal als aanlandingsplaats voor de HST? In G Bouma, F Filius, H Leinfelder & B Waterhout (Eds.), Gebundelde papers en ontwerpopgaven Plandag, Ruimtelijke ordening in crisis (pp. 63-74). s.l.: Plandag.

  2. -Jong, M. de (2009). Aachen Hbf: Groot in potentie. OV-magazine. Jaargang 2009. Nr. 1, p 29-30.

  3. -Jong, M. de (2008). De waarde van hogesnelheidstreinstations. Stedebouw & Ruimtelijke Ordening. Volume 89. Nr. 5. p. 26-29.

  4. -Jong, M. de (2008). Dokmodel Zuidas is duur en onaantrekkelijk. OV-Magazine. Jaargang 2008. Nr. 8. p 32-34

  5. -Jong, M. de (2006). Zuidas: Verschillende rollen in een complexe omgeving. Thesis (BSc) Universiteit van Amsterdam.

High-speed train station areas

Most important factors for high prices in station areas:

  1. 1. Strong regional economy

  2. 2. Image

  3. 3. Regional accessibility public transport

  4. 4. Accessibility by car

  5. 5. Mixed land use

Investigated station areas

  1. -Aachen Hbf

  2. -Amsterdam Amstel

  3. -Amsterdam Centraal

  4. -Amsterdam Sloterdijk

  5. -Amsterdam Zuid

  6. -Arnhem Centraal

  7. -Ashford International

  8. -Brussel Zuid

  9. -Den Haag Centraal

  10. -Frankfurt Hbf

  11. -Lille Europe

  12. -Lille Flandres

  13. -London St. Pancras

  14. -Paris Gare d’Austerlitz

  15. -Paris Gare de Lyon

  16. -Rotterdam Centraal

  17. -Utrecht Centraal